The Falcon’s Logs, and Other Papers

These are the ship’s log entries, naval communications, newspaper notices, etc. relating to HMS Falcon during the period that Captain John Linzee commanded her.

They are available at


Lords Commissioners of the British Admiralty

to Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1

By &c.

Captain [John] Linzee, Commander of His Majesty’s Sloop the Falcon, (by whom you will receive this) being directed to put himself under your command and follow your Orders for his further proceedings; You are hereby required and directed to take him under your command accordingly, and employ him, and the said Sloop, in such manner as shall appear to you best for His Majesty’s Service entrusted to your care. Given &c. the 29th Jany 1775.

By &c. P. S.

J. Buller
A. Hervey

  1. PRO, Admiralty 2/99, 261, NYHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 391

Narrative of Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1

[Boston] 16th [April, 1775]

When the Nautilus and Falcon (which last came in today) arrived from England in want of many men and stores, and very leaky, having had blowing Weather in their passage, the Asia was in Kingroad, the Boyne and Preston before Boston, the Somerset between Boston and Charles Town, the Mercury in Nantasket Road, and the Glasgow just hawled from the Ways, after receiving a very considerable repair. The Falcon was ordered to remain before the Town, and the Nautilus went above the Somerset to lie off the Magazine Point … But it may be necessary here to take notice that these few Kings Ships were then upwards of one hundred men short of their lowest peace Complements.

  1. Graves’ Conduct, I, 72, MassHS Transcript

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 187

Boston Gazette

Monday, April 17, 1775

Boston, April 17.

Friday last the Nautilus (in natural History a simple Shell) arrived here from England with Dispatches for his Excellency General Gage: — In her came Passenger the Quarter Master of his Majesty’s 17th Regiment of Light Dragoons . . .

Yesterday the Falcon Sloop of War also arrived here from England.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 188

Narrative of Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1

[Boston] 20th [April 1775]

. . . general Orders were issued by him [the Admiral] to the respective captains & commanders of his Majesty’s ships & vessels that all scows, sloops, schooners & boats of every Kind (except the fishing boats) should be brought as they could be picked up & Kept to the Southward of the long Wharf under the care of a Guard & none to be allowed to pass in the Harbour except with the Kings troops without his written leave; and every Ship was Kept clear for Action during the Night, with Boats armed alongside ready to be manned. The number of Guard Boats was doubled and every necessary direction given to the Ships in case the Rebels should attempt to force the lines, some thousands in Arms having already assembled at Roxburgh [sic! Roxbury]. Capt [Edward] LeCras was ordered to acquaint the Select Men of Charles Town that if they suffered the Rebels to take possession of their town or erect any works upon the Heights, the Somerset should fire upon them; Captain [John] Macartney at Nantasket had directions to keep a strict look out upon point Alderton, a report being spread that the Rebels intended to fortify it. Captain [Thomas] Bishop was ordered to caution the Inhabitants of Marblehead against assisting the Rebels upon pain of being considered as such and of having their Town destroyed. The Falcon Sloop was ordered to hawl as far into Gallows Creek to the Southward of Boston as possible. The Captain of the Nautilus off the Magazine point, was directed to arm a flat bottomed Boat, and with the assistance of Boats from other Ships to take care that Guard should be rowed every night as high up the River as possible. The Somerset was to suffer no person to cross the River without the Governors permission . . . And after Gunfiring in the Evening no Boat was to pass till day light, except those rowing Guard.2

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 74, 75, MassHS Transcript.
  2. Most of the orders issued by Graves at this time are contained in the Appendix to his narrative.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 202-3

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens1


Preston Boston 22d April 1775

Sir, Captain [John] Collins in his Majesty’s Sloop Nautilus arrived here the 14th. in the Evening and Captain [John] Linzee in the Falcon the 16th. By these Vessels I have received their Lordships Orders, your Letters, with Duplicates there-of according to the annexed Schedule. I am extremely happy in their Lordship’s Approbation of my Conduct and can at present only repeat my Assurances of paying the strictest attention to all their Commands.

After the Arrival of the two Sloops above mentioned I ordered the Nautilus to get ready for Sea again immediately, intending to send either her or the Swan to Georgia, where their Lordships have been pleased to order a Sloop to be stationed in future; and have appointed the Falcon to lie within Hull point, between it and Pettick’s Island, where I have long desired to place a Sloop; but the March of part of the Army and their being unexpectedly attacked by the Rebels on the 19th. instant has entirely put a stop to my stationing these Vessels as I had intended.

On the 18th in the Evening all the boats of the Squadron landed the Grenadiers and Light Infantry of the Army near the entrance of Cambridge River, from whence they marched towards Concord; and in the Morning a Brigade followed them round by the way of Cambridge Bridge. I am concerned to acquaint you that meeting with a considerable body of armed Men an Engagement ensued wherein many were Killed and wounded on our side. The Rebels followed the Indian manner of fighting, concealing themselves behind Hedges and Trees, and skulking in Woods and Houses, where they galled the Soldiers exceedingly . . . The Troops returning that Evening to Charles Town, and every Boat was employed to bring them over to Boston. I can with great truth inform you that the Somerset being within a Quarter of a mile of Charles Town Kept its Inhabitants in awe and thereby secured to the Troops an unmolested retreat into that Town, and a peaceable Embarkation for Boston.

Accounts of this Battle you may imagine instantly flew to all parts of the Country, and great numbers of their Militia and Minute Men are assembled at Cambridge and Roxbury and its Neighbourhood. They are at this time intrenching themselves at Roxbury, and have absolutely prohibited every kind of provision from being brought to Boston. They are so elated with having destroyed a few of the King’s Troops that they talk of erecting Batteries at different places to destroy the Men of War, of bombarding the Town, and taking Castle William. I have sent to acquaint the Inhabitants of Charles Town with my determination to destroy it whenever I perceive them making any preparations for erecting Batteries to annoy the Kings Ships, which I shall most certainly do the moment I perceive them fairly at Work.

Last Night the Rebels were reconnoitring Castle William in Canoes, and upon being challenged fired at the Centinels. They escaped by the darkness of the Night, but today the Asia and Hope Schooner are so placed that every Attempt upon the Castle must be fatal to them.

The Falcon is in Gallows Creek. The Nautilus at the N.W. End of Boston. Every Sail is kept in Town, and the utmost precautions are taken for the general Safety . . . Their Lordships may depend on my heartily co-operating with the General and on my giving him every assistance in my power in support of such measures as shall be thought best for his Majesty’s Service. I am &c.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 79-81, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 205-6

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Captain John Linzee, H.M.S. Falcon1

Whereas in the present Rebellious State of this Country it is extremely difficult to procure fresh Meat even for the sick of his Majs Squadron under my Command, and whereas I am informed there is a great quantity of Cattle upon Elizabeth Islands near Falmouth in this Province, which it is absolutely necessary to prevent being carried to the Main; You are hereby required and directed with all possible Dispatch to proceed to Tarpawlin Cove in his Majs Sloop under your Command and there endeavour to hinder any Cattle live Stock or Hay upon the Islands being taken off, but you are upon no Account to suffer any Injury to be done to the Property or the Persons of the Inhabitants by any persons whatsoever, so long as they shall demean themselves like dutiful and peaceable Subjects to his Majesty; and if by any means you can prevail upon the Owners of the Cattle to dispose of them for his Majestys Use, you are to acquaint me thereof as soon as possible with the Terms upon which they are inclined to sell.

And as you cannot remain in Tarpawlin Cove without great Danger when the Wind is Easterly, you are to move occasionally to Holmes Hole and Mannantha Bite as the Easterly or Southerly Winds shall render necessary. For all other Orders I refer you to my general Orders and Instructions which you have already received.

Given under my Hand on Board His Majs Ship Preston at Boston the 30th April 1775

By Command of the Admiral
G. Gefferina

Saml Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, Appendix, 413, 414, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 251-2

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Captain John Linzee, H.M.S. Falcon1

Notwithstanding my Orders to you of this Morning you are hereby required and directed to proceed as fast as possible to Martha’s Vineyard in his Majs Sloop under your Command, where you will find the Ship Champion, Paddock Master, laden with Flour and Wheat; You are to seize the said Ship and send her immediately to Boston under the Command of an Officer from the Falcon, and then proceed to Eliza Islands according to my former Orders.

Given under my Hand on Board His Majs Ship Preston at Boston the 30th April 1775

Saml Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, Appendix, 414, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 252-3

Diary of Dr. Ezra Stiles1

[Newport] May 6 [1775]

This day another Man o’ War Capt. Lindley2 came here, so we have now three ships here — tho it is said that the Rose Man o’ War Capt. [James] Wallace is called away.

  1. Stiles, II, 58, LC.
  2. The sloop Falcon, Captain John Linzee, whose journal for May 6, 1775, reads, “At Noon working into Rhode Island Harbour … at 2 P M Caine too in Rhode Island Harbr. Brentons Point WNW Rhode Island Church East.” PRO, Admiralty, 5 1/336.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 291

Extract of a Letter

from Newport, Rhode Island,
dated May 10 [1775]1

Last Friday the Falcon, Captain [John] Lindsey [Linzee], took two sloops at Bedford, with intention of sending them to the Islands near the Vineyard, to carry from thence a parcel of sheep to Boston. The Bedford people resented this conduct in such a manner as to immediately fit out two sloops, with thirty men on board, and last Saturday retook them both, with fifteen men on board. In the action there were three of the men of war sailors badly wounded, one of whom is since dead. The other thirteen they immediately sent to Taunton Jail.

  1. Force. comp., American Archives, 4th, II, 608.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 303

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

May 1775
Thursdy 11
At Single Anchor in Holmes’s Hole
at 7 [A M] Came too Et Chop Holmes’s Hole W B S old Town S B E Spoke a Ship from Maryland to Cork laden with flower and Corn which we detaind   Sent the Master and 6 Men on Bd the above Ship2   Came too in Holmes’s Hole with the Bt Br East Chop Et Wt Chop SW   at 11 Brought too a Schooner from Boston.   at 3 P M Brot too a Sloop   at 6 Seizd a Sloop from Nantuckett for Having no Clearance
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. The ship Champion; see Graves’s Narrative, May 29, 1775. Linzee sent her to Boston on 15 May.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 311-12

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

May 1775
Frydy 12
Att Single Anchor in Holmes’s Hole.
at 10 A M Sent the Gunners Mate Surgeons mate and 11 Men On Board the above Sloop [seized the previous day]2   at ½ past 11 Weighd and Came to Sail   at 2 P M fird a Six poundr and a Swivel Shotted to bring too a Schooner   at 4 Came too in Tarpolen Cove with the Bt Br Wt point S W at 9 fird a Six poundr and Swivel at a Schooner.3
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. Linzee’s journal makes no mention of what happened to this sloop; see New York Gazette, May 22, and Massachusetts Spy, Worcester, May 24, 1775.
  3. The two schooners seized, and which were later condemned and sold at Boston, were the Hawke and Doctors Box, both laden with fish.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 322

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stevens, Secretary of the British Navy1

Preston Boston 13 May 1775


My last Letter to you dated April 22d went by Lieut. [Joseph] Nunn in a Brig from Salem.

Lieut. [Thomas] Graves in the Diana is returned: I inclose a List of the Cannon and Ordnance he brought from the Fort at Penobscot. I have since employed the Diana cruizing between Cape Ann and Cape Cod.

I transmit Copies of a Memorial to Lieut. [Henry] Mowat Commander of the Canceaux, and of his Letter to me: from these Accounts and from the representations of the Commissioners of the Customs also inclosed, I find myself obliged to let the Canceaux remain at Falmouth until I can send some other Vessel to relieve her.

The Falcon sailed the 30th of April with Orders to go to [Martha’s] Vineyard and seize a Cargo of Flour, then to proceed to Elizabeth Islands to prevent a considerable Number of black Cattle and Sheep from being carried off. Captain [John] Linzee has just informed me that there is about 1500 Sheep on these Islands, with a few Cows, and that from their Vicinity to the Main, it is not possible to hinder the Stock being taken off. The Ship with the flour was not at the Vineyard.

The Tartar still remains at Halifax for the security of that Yard and the Kings Stores.

The Lively continued at Marblehead raising Seamen and protecting the trade of those who are not in rebellion.

I will send a Sloop to Georgia whenever one can be spared from the immediate and pressing services of this province.

The Action of the 19th of April, falsely represented thro’ the Continent as begun by the Kings Troops, has furnished a pretence for the seditious and disaffected (before too much disposed to Rebellion to appear in arms; they are absolutely so throughout the four provinces, and the Intelligence sent me by Captains [James] Wallace and James Montagu of the proceedings at New York (Copies of which are inclosed) fully satisfying me of the necessity of sending thither a Ship of force I ordered the Asia, but the prevailing Easterly winds kept her from getting out of this Harbour until the 8th instant.

Since my Letter of the 23d was written we have had repeated Information of the Rebels Design to surprise Castle William; I suppose to destroy the Magazines there. The Asia, Otter Sloop, and Hope Schooner have been employed entirely to prevent such an Attack, and upon the departure of the Asia I ordered the Boyne to take her place.

Reports are also spread that flat bottomed Boats are constructing up the Rivers, and at several places in the Neighbourhood, to be brought by Land to those Rivers, from whence the Rebels are to attack Boston and the Shipping; though these Schemes are scarcely practicable yet we are guarded against every possible Surprize. Our Boats rowing Guard have often been fired at from the Shore, but I have given the Captains of his Majesty’s Ships and Vessels Orders not to fire again upon any Account unless they are absolutely attacked, and some one wounded or Killed; and then only to drive away the Rebels without pursuing; being extremely loath (however difficult from repeated provocations to forbear) to commence hostilities by sea without the justest Reason, until I can be honoured with their Lordships Commands on this important Subject. I shall continue to give every support in my power to his Majesty’s Governors of Provinces, upon their requisition, for the protection of the Kings faithful Subjects and their property, and for the security of lawful Commerce.

I transmit for their Lordships Information various Intelligence I have received from Captain Wallace of his Majesty’s ship Rose. In a Letter of the 26th April Captain Wallace informs me that some friends of Government have been very industrious to bring the town of Newport over to the King, and were they sure of constant support they flatter themselves with succeeding; but what reliance! at present they are in terror of the Kings Ships. However I submit to their Lordships consideration the Importance of such a Post. Possession of this place would cut off any Supplies that could be sent from the Southern to the Northern Colonies, and it appears to me from its Situation of such great consequence that I most heartily wish it was established as a Kings Post and fortified accordingly: In the mean time I shall add a Sloop of War or a Schooner to the Service Captain Wallace is employed in.

All communication by Land is entirely stopped: General [Thomas] Gage has represented to me the necessity for having small Vessels to carry dispatches to and from New York, and occasionally to Piscataqua and Halifax. I have acquainted the Governor that a Vessel shall be ready to depart with Dispatches on the Kings Service whenever his Excellency pleases. I have hired one Sloop for this purpose and shall provide as many as the necessity of the times require and I can procure. I am &c.

Saml Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 83-86, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 324-6

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stevens, Secretary of the British Admiralty1

Preston Boston 15th May 1775


I have this moment by the Fowey‘s Tender received a Letter from Lord Dunmore, a Copy of which I inclose; I would readily send a two decked ship to Virginia, but the preservation of this post and perhaps the whole Army here depends upon the Naval Force in this Harbour. I therefore cannot in the present State of Affairs send any more of the Capital Ships from hence; indeed the Somerset is unfit to go, for notwithstanding her sheathing has been stripped off six Streaks and so much of her Bottom caulked, yet she makes the same quantity of water as before, and must therefor go to Halifax this Summer if possible.

Captain [George] Montagu of the Fowey informs me that the Contractor for supplying the King’s Ships at Virginia with Provisions is forbid by the people to send any more, so what he now procured must be by Stealth.

I expect Captain [John] Linzee of the Falcon to arrive every hour with the Ship Champion; she has on board Eight hundred Barrels of Flour and some Corn intended for the Rebel Army.

I have given Orders to secure and bring to Boston all Vessels with Provisions agreeable to the Governor’s request of Yesterday, a Copy of which I inclose, And we have written to the Governors of Quebec and Nova Scotia to facilitate the sending Supplies of fresh provisions and necessaries to Boston. We hope in a short time to have sufficient for the sick; but it is forbidden under pain of death by the Rebels at Cambridge to supply the Town of Boston.

Two Transports with Marines came in Yesterday, a Signal is now out for more, I hope they will be by Tomorrow.

I am [&c.]

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 88, 89, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 337-8

Journal of His Majestys Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

May 1775
Wednesdy 17
In Tarpolean Cove
[A M] people empd working up Junk   at 3 P M Weighd and Came to Sail   at 4 fird 3 Six Pounders Shotted and Brought too a Ship from Cape Nichola2   at 5 Came too with the Bt Br in Tarpolean Cove
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. The sloop Three Friends, Peter Guillard, master, with wine and fruit from Hispaniola, whose cargo eventually was sold to the Boston garrison, but the “vessel was too bad to proceed.” Graves’s Conduct, Prize List, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 350

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens1

Preston Boston 19th May 1775


As I find the Rebels have seized and carried off into their Ports several Vessels laden with Fuel, Lumber and Provisions coming to Boston, and being informed that they have retaken two Vessels seized by the Falcon and made the men prisoners, I beg leave to submit to their Lordships that a Sergeant, Corporal and the Private Marines, in addition to the present Establishment of the armed Schooners on this Station, would make these Vessels very formidable, and enable them to do very considerable Service during the Rebellion: The Marines would also be an excellent Guard to prevent the Seamen from deserting.

I am &c.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, 1,92, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 363-4

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

May 1775
Tuesdy 22d
In Tarpolean Cove
A M at 7 fird two Swivels & two Six Pounders Shotted and Brot too a Brigg from Dominica2 . . . 2 P M Deserted two Marines and the Pursuers Steward.
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. There is no record in the prize list in Graves’s Conduct, Mass HS Transcript, that this vessel was condemned, although Linzee listed her as in his company when he sailed for Boston May 31.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 503

New York Gazette

Monday, May 22, 1775

New-York, May 22.

Friday Night last [May 19] Captain Reynolds arrived here from Portsmouth, in New-Hampshire: Last Monday [May 15], off Cape Anne, he was boarded by Capt. Greeves, in a Tender,1 who had come out of Boston the Day before, and informed him that three Transports arrived there the 6th Instant from England, with Troops, and that many more were hourly expected; that several Vessels were then in Sight, which he imagined was Part of the Fleet, and several Guns had been heard in the Offing.

Thursday [May 18] Capt. Reynolds spoke with Capt. [John] Lyndsay [Linzee], in the Falcon Sloop of War, who acquainted him, that having Advice that a Sloop lay at a Place called Sandwich, that had carried some Provisions to Providence, &c. for the Use of the Boston Provincials, he dispatched his Lieutenant, with his Tender and 20 Men, and two other Officers, to take Possession of her; which they accordingly did; But, before they could carry her off, she was retaken, as also the Tender, by some Boats from the Country, and the Lieutenant lost an Arm, the Gunner was wounded in the Head, and the Doctor’s Mate in one of his Legs. The Seamen were sent Prisoners into the Country.

The Asia Man of War of 64 Guns is hourly expected here from Boston.

  1. Lieutenant Thomas Graves in His Majesty’s Schooner Diana.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 505

Diary of Dr. Ezra Stiles1

[Newport] May 23. [1775]

Last Eveng the story of the burning of Weymouth was contradicted. Gen. [Thomas] Gage it seems sent some armed Schooners to steal Hay in Stacks at Weym[uth] — the p[eo]ple opposed their landing and fired upon and beat them off, and set fire to the stacks of Hay. —

The week before last Capt. [John] Lindzee of the Falcon Sloop of War took two Sloops near the Viny[ar]d without any reason. The p[eo]ple of the Eastwd mand out 2 Vessels, retook the Sloops, and carried them into Fairhaven in Dartmo[uth] 13th Inst. with 14 of Capt. Lindzees’ hands, 3 of whom wounded w[ho]m w[i]th a Doctors mate they kept there and sent off the rest to Taunton. —

This afternoon a Train of above 90 Soldiers headed by Capt. [John] Topham and Capt. Tew marched from the Courthouse down the Parade and then thro’ the main street &c. beating up for Volunteers for the American Army. This is their first public Appearance — Capt [James] Wallace and other Officers of the Man o’ War dined on shore when the Train passed. The Tories were greatly mortified to see the daring Boldness of the Rebels as they called them. The Tories had said that the Men o’ War would fire the Town if any Soldiers were raised in it. But there was no molestation.

  1. Stiles, II, 83, 86, LC.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 510

Journal of His Majestys Ship Cerberus

James Chads, Commanding1

May 1775
Thursday 25
Moord at Boston
at 8 A M Boston Light house W N W 3 Lgs   at 10 got a Pilot on bd   pas’d by H M Ships Mercury Nautilus & Falcon at Anchr in [Nan]tasket roads   ½ past Saluted the Adr & Anchd wt Bt Br in 7 fm & Moord wt a Cable each way   Castle William S E ½ S Fort point S W off Shore ½ M[ile]   found riding here the Preston Boyn Somerset Glasgow & Merlin
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/181.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 523

Massachusetts Spy

Wednesday, May 24, 1775

Worcester, May 24 [1775]

The week before last, the Falcon sloop of war, was cruising about Cape Cod, and meeting with a wood sloop, in ballast, seized her, but promising the Skipper to release him and his vessel if he would give information of any vessel that was just arrived from the West-Indies with a cargo on board, he at length told the Captain of the Falcon that there was a sloop at Dartmouth, which has just arrived; whereupon the Captain of the Falcon, instead of releasing the wood sloop, armed and manned her, and sent her in search of the West-Indiaman; they found the vessel lying at anchor, but her cargo was landed; however, they seized her and carried her off after putting part of their crew and some guns and ammunition on board. Notice of this getting on shore, the people fitted out a third sloop, with about thirty men and two swivel guns, and went in pursuit of these royal pirates, whom they come up with at Martha’s Vineyard, where they lay at anchor at about a league’s distance from each other; the first surrendered without firing a gun, our people after putting a number of hands on board, bore down upon the other, which by this time had got under sail, but the people in the Dartmouth sloop coming up with her, the pirates fired upon them; the fire was immediately returned, by which three of the pirates were wounded, among whom was the commanding officer; our people boarded her immediately, and having taken both sloops, carried them into Dartmouth, and sent the prisoners to Cambridge, from whence nine of them were yesterday brought to this Town.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 515

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

May 1775
Thursdy 25
Att Single Anchor in Tarpolean Cove
at 6 P M fird two Six pounders Shotted and Brot too a Schooner from St Vincents
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 526

Extract of a letter

from a Gentleman in Providence, dated May 25

It is strongly suspected here, that the provisions on board Webster were really purchased for the King’s service, and that the Capture was a SHAM. If this be not the truth of the case, pray set it in a true light, for the report spreads fast; and as surely as it is believed that the ENEMY is supplied from Newport, will every supply for that town be stopped from every colony upon the continent.

Last Saturday [May 20] put in here, the ship Peggy, Capt. William Baron, in 28 days from Baltimore, in Maryland: This vessel was bound to Cork, with a load of flour and Indian corn, ’tis said, but having contrary winds, was likely to fall short of wood & water. She is now in custody of the men of war in this harbour, and we hear is to be sent to Boston.

Another ship, said to be from Virginia, loaded with wheat, &c. was lately taken, near Nantucket, by the Falcon sloop of war, and sent to Boston; this ship was said to be bound to Europe.1

That two ships, bound from Virginia and Maryland to Europe, should, at this juncture, fall in with Nantucket and Rhode-Island, is a matter of some speculation.

  1. The ship Champion; see Graves’s Conduct, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 560

Nathanial Freeman

to the Massachusetts Provincial Congress1

Honble Gentlemen. in consequence of Complaint made to the Committee of correspondence of the Town of Sandwich by Messrs Simeon Wing and Jesse Barlow we have thought it advisable to represent to your Honours the circumstances of their Vessels being taken by Capt [John] Linsey of the Falcon & retaken by a Schooner from Dartmouth under command of Capt [Daniel] Egery, and to beg some advice and order of the Congress may be passed concerning it.

Mr. Wings Vessel commanded by his Son Thomas Wing has been ply’d as a wood Boat to carry wood to Nantucket from Sandwich for some years past and it hath been the usual practice for them to settle with the Custom House once a year the Officer of whom always gave them their Choice of paying twelve pence pr tripp on the whole at the years end and this hath been we find up[on] examining the Common practice with other vessels who have followed the same business at the same place — upon Capt Wings returning from Nantucket through the Vineyard Sound His Sloop was taken by a Barge from sd Capt Lindsey   an indian Fellow on board of Wing informd Capt Lindsey of sd Barlows Vessel which had run in Cargo lately from the West Indies and was laden with Provisions in Buzzards Bay Bound thither again as he said   Capt Lindsey employed Capt wings vessel putting 14 men on. board to proceed up the Bay and take sd Barlows vessel, which they carried off   The master of this latter Vessel was taken with Wing being then on Board as a passenger, so that both vessels with all the Crew passengers &c were taken & proceeding to the Cove to Capt Lindsey — Mr Barlow made application to some people at Dartmouth who went with a Sloop one half of which Barlow ventured & took both Vessels and men with their arms &c and carried them into Dartmouth   Messrs Wing & Barlow applyd to the Dartmouth People who took the vessels for them again   the People offer’d them their vessels upon Wing paying them Eight Dollars and Barlows paying 10 Dollars, with which they complyd & Wing paid the money after which the Dartmouth people detained the Vessels till the Orders of Congress could be known, and now refuse to deliver up sd Vessels without Wing & Barlows paying 45 Dollars and giving Bond of a very extraordinary nature to indemnify sd Dartmouth People &c these are a true state of facts as nearly as we after examination of sd Wing & Barlow can ascertain and the sd Wing & Barlow thinking they ought to have their Vessels again without further difficulty desire the Committee of Correspondence of this town to lay the matter before you and pray your Orders hereon to which they profess their readiness to submit to & acquiesce in.   We are your Honours [&c] the Committee of Sandwich.

Signed Nathl Freeman pr Order


Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 558-9

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

May 1775
Tuesdy 30
In Holmes’s Hole
at 8 A M Weighd and Came to Sail . . . at 2 P M Anchord in Holmes Hole Veer’d to ½ Cable   Sent our boats on Board two Sloops and put 2 men [on board them]   at 6 fird four Six pounders, Shotted with Round and Grape to bring too a boat2
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. According to Graves’s Conduct Prize List, MassHS Transcript, none of these vessels was carried into Boston.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 571

Affidavit of John Tucker and Others1

We the Subscribers Testify and Say, that on the 29th day of May 1775 Captain [John] Linsey Commander of a Ship of war then at Tarpaulin Cove: Came with a Number of armed men and landed on one of the Elizabeth Islands called Reskatemeth and came to the place where the men that oned part of the Stock on Said Island were Sheering their Sheep and demanded the Sheep Saying and promising that he would pay for them and give the full value of the Sheep or words to that purpose but the owners of Said Sheep told him that they were unwilling to part with them, but if he would take them they Should not molest him as most of the owners of the Sheep were of the people Called Quakers and that they would not be concerned in Defending themselves or their Interest by force of Armes but would treat him with civility but Said Capten with his men took Said Sheep and Carried them away, Some Shorn and many not Shorn: the Sheep were hurried away in Such a manner that we Could not take an account of the number with exactness but according to the best of our judgment the numbers and value of the Sheep are as follows viz —

Took from Joseph Tucker and Sons 93 Sheep, value £68-8[s,]-0 L[awful] money

Took from Jeremiah Robinson 17 Sheep, value £12-4[s]-10[d] L[awful] money

Took from William & Elisha Robinson 24 Sheep, value £ 14-8[s.]-0 L[awful] money

Took from Ebenezer Meiggs 72 Sheep value £51-15[s.]-6[d.] L[awful] money

John Tucker
Jeremiah Robinson
Elisha Robinson
Ebenezer Meiggs

Barnstable, ss., May 31, 1775.

Then the above named Ebenezer Meiggs made oath to the truth of the above written by him Subscribed and the above named John Tucker Jeremiah Robinson and Elisha Robinson, being of the people called Quakers affirmed to the truth of the above written, by them Subscribed.

Before me

Thos Smith
Justice of the Peace.

  1. Mass. Arch., vol. 138, 428. Printed in the Boston Gazette, Watertown, August 7, 1775, with the following preface: “Friend EDES, by inserting the following you will oblige many of your Friends and Customers, J.R.”

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 575

Deposition of Elisha Nye1

[Barnstable, Mass.] May 31, 1775.

I, Elisha Nye, Inholder Living on one of the Elizabeth Islands, Commonly Called Naushan, and near to Tarpalan Cove, Testafieth and saith, that some Time about the 5th of May, the Sloop of War called the Faulkland [Falcon], Command’d by Capt. [John] Linzey, came into the Cove, and as soon as the Vessel had come to Anchor, the Captain came on Shore with his Boat’s Crew, all Armed, and came to the House and Said unto the Deponent “you need not be Scard;” upon which he told him it was Enough to Scare any Body to see so many Men come on Shore Armed; And the Women are all Fled and to where he knew not; upon which Capt Linzey told Him to call them in, for he did not mean to hurt any Body — upon which Promise, I & my Family were Satisfyed; Soon after that, the Captain asked to walk with him; which he Comply’d with; and in the Course of the walk, he demanded to know what Stock I had, and Added to tell him Right, for if he did not, he would take all that he met; upon which I gave him the Account. Then the Captain told me, the Deponent, if I sold any one of them he would take the Remainder by force; upon which I told him, if he were here when they were fit for market he might have them, paying the Price I used to have. — Soon after, he went to Rhode Island, and Return’d back in a few Days; after which, he used to pass & Repass the Island allmost every day, mostly in Company with the Doctor of the Ship, leaving down the fences Repeatedly, which let the Cattle often mix together, which I told the Doctor was a great Damage.   the Doctor’s Answer was, “then you may put it up yourselves for I will not,” and often talked in an Abusive Insulting manner that he, the Doctor, would soon take what he wanted without any pay — On the 26th Instant a Sloop came into the Cove, with about Twenty Passengers, Men, Women, & Children in great Distress for Provisions, and made application to me for Supplyes. Capt Linzey knowing that, (his Boat having boarded her) sent his Boat on Shore, and forbid my letting them have any, Than I advised them to apply to Capt Linzey, and see if they could not prevail upon him to let them have some; accordingly they went; Afterwards the Captain of the Sloop told me, that he absolutely Refused them, and said “Damn the Dog that would let them have any; and if they were not gone immediately, he would Sink them.[“] upon which, they set sail Immediately without any Supplyes — And further, the Deponent Declareth, that the Doctor came on shore, and said that the Captain’s Orders were, that I should go with him, the said Doctor and Destroy all the Boats belonging to the Island. I told him I could not go upon such Business as that; he said he would send me on board the Ship if I did not go; upon which I found I must Comply, and Accordingly went with him, and saw him, the Doctor, Stave three Boats. — On the 29th, about Eight o’Clock in the Evening Lo, the said Doctor came on Shore, and told me he had come for my Sheep, upon which, I told him they were out in the Pasture and I could not get them into the pen it being Dark, but would fetch them in as Early in the Morning as he pleased — the Answer from the Doctor was, “Damn you! what did you turn them out for?” — the Reason, I told him, was, that they had got out their own Sheep, and did not say any thing more about when they should want mine, and I thought it best the Sheep should be let out to feed; upon which, the said Doctr said to me, “Damn you! go on Board the Ship and I’ll see what they were turnd out for.” — I told him I would not, but would go and try to get the Sheep up: he said “Well, Damn you! make haste”! and Swang his Sword over my head, — but upon Trial I found it so Dark I could not get them in; but, on my Return, was Inform’d that he, the Doctor had sent onboard for more help to Carry me & my Brother on board the Ship; upon which, with the Abuses & threats I had Received before, I thought it Time to make my Escape, which I did, to the main land and begged the Assistance of the People, who Readily came to my Assistance. — When I Return’d, which was about three o’Clock in the Morning, Some of my Family told me, they had been on shore, armed, and taken all my Calves, being Seven in Number; two of the poorest & Smalest, they sent on shore in the Morning, the Others, with four Sheep they had some days before; they carried them off without paying any thing for them. — I do further Declare the Abuses and threats I Received from Capt Linzey & the Doctor were the Occasion of my Moving off the Island, leaving my Interest, and I Declare that I never Refused Capt Linzey or any other person Belonging to any ship of war, Entertainment in my House or Supply of Provisions that I had on my farm that I could Spare and I further Declare that on the night of the 29th instant afforesaid [the] Doctor (as my wife Informs me) Came on Shore and Demanded my gun with his Sword in hand which she Delivered to him and I have not Seen it Since tho the only weapon of Defence that I had on the Island:   the value of the Sheep Calves and Gun which they took frome me and the use of my Horse and well are as follows viz: —

Elisha Nye
Lawfull Money
four sheep value £2-16-0
3 Calves four Month old 3- 6-0
3 Calves two Months old 2- 8-0
4 Quarters of Veal, weight 60 pounds Sold before and delivered 0-16-0
one Gun, taken out of my House by the Doctor of the Ship of great value 3-00-0
Riding my Horse and use of my Well 3-00-0
£15- 6-0

Elisha Nye

Barnstable Ss May the 31st: 1775

then the within and above Named Elisha Nye made oath to the within and above written Deposition and account as the Truth and by him Subscribed —

Before me — Thos: Smith, Justce of the Peace

  1. Mass Arch., vol. 193, 321-324.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 576-8

Journal of His Majestys Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

June 1775
Fryday 2
High land of Plymouth S W.
at 8 [A M] Weighd and Came to Sail Saluted Vice Admiral [Samuel] Graves with 13 Guns at noon — Came too in Boston Harbour abrest the Town.
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 596

Elizabeth Bowdoind

to the Committe of Safety of Massachusetts1

Dorchester, June 4, 1775


Mr. [James] Bowdoin has just received the enclosed Depositions, and being in a very weak state, desires me to inform you, that for some time past the Faulkland [Falcon] Sloop-of-War, commanded by Captain [John] Linzey, has been cruising about the islands called Elizabeth Islands, near Martha’s Vineyard. That the said sloop’s boats have divers times landed armed men on the said islands, who has abused the Inhabitants, stove their boats, and by force taken away a considerable part of their property, as may more fully appear by the said Depositions.

It is humbly apprehended if about one hundred armed men were properly posted on the said islands, they would be a sufficient force to defend the Inhabitants, and protect their stock of cattle and sheep, which is very considerable, and which have hitherto every year furnished divers parts of this Colony with fat sheep and cattle for provisions, and particularly with a large quantity of wool for our home manufacture.

I beg leave to make this representation that you may take such measures as your wisdom shall dictate; and am, most respectfully, in Mr. Bowdoin’s behalf, who is part owners of one of said islands, Gentlemen, [&c.]

Elizabeth Bowdoin

  1. Mass. Arch., vol. 193.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 609-10

General Thomas Gage

to Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1


Boston June 16th 1775.


Being informed by Captain [John] Lindsey [Linzee], that the two sloops lately fitted for his Majesty’s Service, are in want of Ammunition, I should be glad you would order to be delivered to the Office Commanding them 50 rounds of Powder and shot, for three Pounders, with Spunges &ca. each Sloop carrying 6 Guns. —

I am with Regard & Esteem, Sir, [&c.]

  1. Gage Papers, CL.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 690

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens1

Preston Boston 16 June 1775

The Rebels landed again the 29th upon Noddles Island, drove off the Sheep and Cattle and entirely destroyed all the Dwellings and Outhouses, Barns, Stables and Hay on the Island; We have saved great part of the Kings Stores, but some are unavoidably lost. Among the Houses destroyed by the Rebels are those mentioned in my Letter January 8 to be hired for the use of the Glasgow, when she was repaired; finding they would be very useful for holding Tar, Pitch, Junk, Lumber and many other Articles the Store Schooner could not conveniently keep with the other Stores necessary for the Squadron, I continued to rent them until they were destroyed as above mentioned.

The Falcon came to Boston the 2d instant . . . Captain [John] Linzee has lost his Gunner, Surgeon’s Mate, a Midshipman, eight Seamen and three Marines, whom he sent in a Sloop to seize a Smugler in Buzzards Bay; returning with the Smugler they were attacked by a Vessel from Dartmouth, taken and carried in there, and I am informed sent Prisoners up the Country, many of them wounded.

The Charming Nancy Transport with Cloaths and Stores for the Army arrived the fourth instant with the Nautilus, who had been cruizing for her ever since her arrival from England.

By a Letter from Captain [George] Montagu dated the 6th of May, I am informed that Lord Dunmore, expecting to be attacked every moment, had requested assistance, that Captain Montagu had sent a Lieutenant with a party of Seamen, an Officer of Marines with his Party, and some of the Magdalens people, to the palace at Williamsburgh; Captain Montagu at the same time wrote to the president who resides at York to acquaint him that if any of the Kings People were attacked going to assist the Governor he would fire on the Town.

The Insurgents I find made no Attack, but contented themselves with taking possession of the Receiver of the Quit Rents House and insisting on his giving them Bills to the amount of the Powder secured on Board the Ships.

The Asia arrived at the Hook the 25th May and the next day moared before New York. Captain [George] Vandeput acquaints me that he has ordered the Kingsfisher to lie at the Hook and to cruize occasionally for the Pacquets and the Troops expected to arrive there. That Lieutenant Governor [Cadwallader] Colden is retired to Long Island, the legal authority of Government entirely suspended, and that the direction of the City is in the hands of Committees, who at present allow the Asia to be supplied with every thing wanted; but as there is no depending upon the continuation of such an Indulgence, I have directed Captain Vandeput to compleat his provisions at all opportunities, and to order Captain James Montagu to do the same.

The Senegal sailed the 6th instant for Falmouth in Casco Bay. I have directed Captain [William] Duddingstone in addition to his general Orders respecting illicit Trade and the unlawful importation of Arms and Ammunition, to seize and send to Boston all Vessels laden with Provisions, Flour, Grain, Molasses and Salt, as well to distress the Rebels as to supply the Army who are in want of some Articles of Provision.

. . . I have since directed him [Captain John Collins of the Nautilus] to proceed off the Hook with Orders for Captain [John] Macartney in the Mercury to leave the Service he was employed on to be performed by Captain Colins and relieve the Fowey at Virginia as soon as possible; And I have also directed Captain Colins, after the Transports are arrived and he has delivered the General’s Letter, to proceed to the Delaware, there to remain until further Orders. The Nautilus accordingly sailed from hence this day. I have ordered the Fowey to Boston with new raised men for the Squadron, from whence she shall go to Halifax to heave down.

By the Magdalen being detained for the protection of Lord Dunmore, the Delaware has been left open to the Importation of prohibited Goods. The critical situation of the Governor of Virginia, and his earnest intreaty for assistance, compelled me to send a Sloop as I could not spare a large Ship. In New Hampshire Government and the Province of Main[e], the people also verging on Rebellion and ripe for every Mischief, it became absolutely necessary to send a Sloop of War to Casco Bay, to defend his Majesty’s Officers and peaceable Subjects in the Town of Falmouth, to seize all Supplies of Provisions, Arms and Ammunition, and in general to give Security to Vessels passing with fresh provisions and Fuel for the Army and Navy and Inhabitants of Boston; I beg you will assure their Lordships that as I am actuated by the strongest desire to do what I think best for his Majesty’s Service, It will give me unspeakable Satisfaction if the above reasons justify me with their Lordships for sending Sloops to Virginia, the Delaware, and Casco Bay, and leaving Savannah a little longer unsupplied . . .

I am &c.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 113-116, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 690-2

Remarks &ca Onboard the Somerset

June 1775
Saturday 17
Moored in Boston Harbour
A. M. His Majesty’s Ship Lively began to fire on some Rebels, who were erecting a Battery on the Hill above Charlestown; at 9, the New Battery at the No end of Boston began to fire.   at 10, the Falcon did the same; the Lively [war]ped lower down & began firing; the Rebels fired several shot.
P. M. sent 11 Men onboard the Falcon, & 30 onboard the Symmetry Transport; the transport next up the Harbor.   Boats of the Squadron, and all the Transports Boats employed taking in the Troops; at 2, the Troops, under the cover of the Lively and Falcon, landed at Charlestown without Opposition; at 3 the field pieces began to fire before a warm Engagement began; at ½ past 5 the firing slackened; The Troops burnt Charlestown; our Boats employed carrying wounded Men over to Boston; sent 6 Punchs of Water for the Use of the Troops
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/906.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 701

Journal of His Majestys Ship Preston

Captain John Robinson, Commanding1

June 1775
Saturday 17
Remarks Boston Harbour
at 4 [A M] we observed that the Rebels were Intrenching upon a Hill that Commanded Boston — The Lively and Glasgow kept firing upon their Battery and were soon seconded by Shot and Shells from Boston which Lasted till noon at which time we made the Signal for all Boats Mann’d & Armed.
P M at 1 The Boats of the Fleet and Transports repaired to the different wharfes to embark the Troops and Ferry them over, which was done to the West side of Mystake River; The Lively, Glasgow, Falcon, with the Symmetry Transport and an Arm’d Sloop kept a Constant fire upon the Rebels, to prevent their annoying the Troops on Landing.   At 3 The Troops, after having formed upon The Beech, advanced to the Rebels Intrenchments from which they dislodged them with the Loss of 150 Men.   Our Boats Employed in Carrying the Wounded over to Boston, and bringing fresh Troops.
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/720.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 701

Narrative of Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1

[Preston, Boston] 17th [June, 1775]

Early in the morning the Lively gave the first Notice of the Rebels fortifying Bunkers Hill, by firing on them as they were at work; And it was thereupon resolved by the General to attack them forthwith. General [William] Howe and the Admiral went together on board the Somerset, intending if possible to have had that Ship warped in to cover the Landing, but there was not sufficient depth of Water: The larger Ships therefore could give no other assistance, than that of lending Boats, Men, Ammunition and other Stores to the small, which was done. Two Officers and thirty six Seamen were sent from the Somerset to the Symmetry armed Transport and twenty Seamen to the Falcon, to reinforce those Vessels. The Preston manned the Spitfire Sloop of Six 3-pounders, and provided her with Ammunition, and the Boats of the Squadron attended, and were employed wherever they could be of Use. As this Affair was sudden and unexpected there was no time for constructing floating Batteries, or Rafts of real Service, as any such would have been a work of some days.

The Glasgow and Symmetry kept a constant Fire on Charles Town Neck, and two Scows with a 12 pounder in each end, manned from the Ships of War under the direction of Colonel [Thomas] James, went as near to the Mill house as possible; at first to prevent fresh Forces coming over during the Fight, and afterwards the routed from getting off: But the ebbing Tide would not admit either the Scows or small Vessels to approach within the Distance desired. The Lively, Falcon, and Spitfire abreast of and below Charles Town covered however the Landing and continued firing so long as they could annoy the Enemy without injuring our own Troops.

The Shot from the Lively and Battery on Copse Hill in the Morning must have done great execution in the morning for 40 men were found buried upon Bunkers Hill, and it was these must have been killed & put under ground then, as it was impossible that the Rebels could afterwards, during the heat & hurry of the Attack have had time to bury any of their dead.

The Admiral not only offered and gave every assistance in his power, but went ashore in person to be near General Howe, for the sake of seeing whether any further aid could be given, and of ordering it immediately; & whilst he was there the General observing the mischief his left Wing sustained by the fire from Charles Town, the Admiral asked him if he wished to have the place burned, and being answered Yes, he immediately sent to the Ships to fire red hot Balls (which had been prepared with that in View), and also to Copse Hill Battery to desire they would throw Carcasses, into the Town; and thereby it was instantly set on fire in many places, and the Enemy quickly forced from that station. In consequence of intelligence this day the Admiral acquainted the Commanders of the cruizing Vessels that the Rebels had fishing Boats, out watching for their homeward bound Trade to direct them to avoid our Cruizers by going for Newbury Port. And the Commanders of the Kings Ships were enjoined to be vigilant in frequently examining the Coast as far as Piscataqua, and to impress as many Seamen as possible and not to spare even their Fishermen.

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 117, 118, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 704

Narrative of Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1

[Preston, Boston] 21st [June 1775]

The Falcon Sloop . . . sailed in Company with the Resolution Transport for Piscataqua with Orders to put all the Cannon and Artillery Stores in the Forts there on board and return to Boston.

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 120, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 732

Remarks on board ye Scarborough in Piscataqua River1

June 1775
Thurs’y 22d
A M came on board his Excellency Govr [John] Wentworth, saluted him with 17 Guns, 4 P M saw 2 Ships in the offing fireing of Guns Do answered with 3 Guns & sent the boat out, at 8 came in His Majts Sloop Falcon & a Transport,
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/867.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 738

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens1


Preston Boston 22 June 1775

In consequence of our being deprived of all Communication by Land, fresh Beef for the Squadron cannot be procured. Once we have had a Supply from Nova Scotia, but, almost this whole Country being our Enemies from Principle, it is with the greatest difficulty any Refreshments can be got; the few who from inclination or the Prospect of gain, are willing to supply us being very severely handled when discovered. Captain [John] Linzee in the Falcon, while he was at Tarpawlin Cove, procured about One hundred and eighty Sheep and hired a Brig to bring them hither, but being five days on their passage, with a very small quantity of Hay, fifteen of them died, and we have lost several since they were landed on Lovells Island in this Harbour.

On the 17th I received several Letters from Capt. [Andrew] Barkley dated from the 5th to the 16th of June, Copies of two only and of one referred to are inclosed; the whole Correspondence between him, Governor [John] Wentworth and myself prove that all legal authority in New Hampshire is entirely at an End, and that their Necessities and the impoverished state of the Country alone prevent their taking a more active part in the Rebellion. They will I am sure attempt to drive away or destroy the Scarborough, and I think, after planting Guns against their Governor’s house and obliging him to retreat, firing at the Men of Wars boats and preparing to destroy the Kings Ship, little can be said in their favour. It is impossible but a few Individuals must suffer in a general punishment, but the necessity of sending all the provisions we can to Boston is plain; It deprives Rebels of the means to keep together, and supplies the King’s Army, which in the present state of this Country must supersede all other Considerations . . .

Early in the morning of the 17th instant the Lively discovered several thousands of Rebels on the Hills over Charles Town who had thrown up an Intrenchment the preceding Night. Captain [Thomas] Bishop instantly fired among them and upon his Alarm they were attacked from Copse Hill Battery on Boston side. Preparations were also immediately made to dislodge them. The Troops accordingly landed in the Afternoon under cover of his Majesty’s Ships Lively, Glasgow and Falcon, a Transport, a Sloop, and some Scows fitted by the General, but manned and supplied with ammunition from the Squadron. They attacked the Rebels and after a very obstinate defence carried their Intrenchments with great Slaughter. The King’s Troops are now encamped on the heights of Charles Town, and the Rebels are digging Intrenchments and erecting Works at some distance, apparently with a View to dispute every foot of Ground . . .

In obedience to their Lordships Commands I send the Cerberus to England with the Governor and my publick Dispatches, for which, on account of the late transactions, she has waited beyond the time first intended for her sailing . . . I am &c.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 121-125, MassHS Transcript

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 739-40

Remarks on board ye Scarborough

in Piscataqua River1

June 1775
Friday 23d
A M sent an Officer and Sixty men On shore to get the Guns from the Fort, & to send them on board the above Transport.2
[P M] Emp[loy]d in getting the Guns on board the Transport.
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/867.
  2. Ibid. The transport, escorted by the Falcon, sailed for Boston on June 29.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1093

John Wentworth, Governor of New Hampshire

to Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1


Fort William and Mary in New Hampshire, June 29th 1775

Sir   I have had the Honour to receive your Letter of the 23d instant, and am much obliged to You for your kind Expressions of Concern at my Situation, the People of New Hampshire are unhappily adopting the Measures recommended by the General Congress, and it is to be feared it will be some time before they come to be right again   I do not indeed expect it until the Public Tranquility be restored in the Massachusetts Government.

His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon with the Resolution Transport are arrived, which Captain [Andrew] Barkley acquainted me in a Letter of the 27th were ordered here by You, to carry the Guns and Military Stores belonging to this Fort, to Boston, for Security in case the King’s Ships should have Occasion to move from this Place, and they have been put Onboard the Transport for that purpose. Captain Barkley in A Letter he wrote to me the 9th instant proposed the Shipping of those Guns and Stores Onboard a Ship then in this Harbour, to which I gave him for Answer, that I did not at that juncture think it advisable to dismantle the Fort entirely, in the manner he proposed.

Many Reasons indeed weighed with me against such a Step. His Majesty’s Commission does not impower me to dismantle a Fort without the Advice of the Council, and in the naked State this place is in, without any Protection, it could not be expected the Council would advise to dismantle the Fort, as it must inevitably expose their Lives and Properties to the utmost danger; — It is moreover notorious that the minds of the unhappy deluded Country People, are more unsettled by the Propagation of false Rumors among them, than by any other means, and a movement of this nature cannot fail of being turned to that use by those Leaders who make it their Study and Aim to mislead the Multitude. I therefore applied for your affording me more Aid, and I cannot help expressing my Concern, that the Guns and Stores could not be properly secured in the Fort, so that there might be no Occasion to remove them, as I am persuaded it would be more conducive to His Majesty’s Interest that they should be kept in safety here, unless there should be a necessity for them elsewhere.

However, as it is not convenient to station another Ship here, and in such an Exigency, as the Removal of the Scarborough, it appears very expedient that those Guns and Stores should be out of the Way as the Country People would otherwise take Possession of them.

An Inventory has been taken of every Particular and is herewith incised (a Duplicate whereof has also been delivered to Captain Barkley) which I must beg leave to rely on being restored to the Fort, unless his Majesty shall be pleased to Command any other disposition of them.

Sign’d J. Wentworth.

  1. PRO, Admiralty 1/485, LC Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 774-5

Governor John Wentworth

to General Thomas Gage1


Fort William and Mary, June 29, 1775.

Admiral [Samuel] Graves has sent a transport under convoy of the Falcon sloop of war, and entirely dismantled this ungarrisoned Castle of all the ordinance, stores, &c.

Besides the inconvenience of being crowded into this miserable house, confined for room and neither wind or water tight, I am inevitably obliged to incur some extra expence for my safety and existence even here. Being of necessity compelled to make some small repairs to render it habitable, and to employ six men as watches to prevent my being surprised and made prisoner. These, with my three servants and Mr. Benning Wentworth, and Captain [John] Cochran are divided into three guards of four hours each; by which means I have some security of getting on board the Scarborough. The six men are at the expence of Twelve dollars per month each, including their dieting, allowance of Rum, &c.; under which expence no trusty man can possibly be had for so unpopular a service in this time of general opposition to Government. The repairs will not exceed fifty guineas.

  1. Bouton, ed., Documents and Records of New Hampshire, VII, 381, 382.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 775

Narrative of Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1

[Boston] July 1 [1775]

The Falcon and Resolution Transport arrived with the Guns and Artillery Stores from Fort William and Mary at Piscataqua River. The Hope Schooner brought in several vessels laden with Fuel.2 The Senegal returned from Falmouth with Captain [Thomas] Coulsons Ship lately launched and rigged there, and Captain [William] Duddingston brought an Account that the Margueritta armed Schooner, sent Convoy to Mr Ichabod Jones’s Vessels to Mechias, was taken by several armed Vessels in that River, after an obstinate Engagement in which Mr [James] Moore her Commander was killed with some of the Crew, and many wounded & all the Survivors, together with Mr Jones and his People carried Prisoners up the Country.

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 133 MassHS Transcript.
  2. The Hope’s prizes were the sloop Sally, James Jordan, master, from Georgia; and the schooner Judith, Isaac Elwin, master, from Sheepscot. Both carried cargoes of wood. The Judith had been cut out of Gloucester harbor. Graves’s Conduct, Prize List, 376. MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 796

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Captain John Linzee, His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon1

You are hereby required and directed to proceed in his Majesty’s Sloop under your Command and anchor her between Hull Point and Petticks Island in this Harbour, where you are to remain until further Order, strictly examining every Vessel going out or coming in that none may pass irregularly, and to seize and destroy all Boats or Vessels you shall discover belonging to the Rebels whether armed for fighting or calculated for the Transportation of Troops. And whereas I am informed that the Rebels are bringing Numbers of Whale Boats across the Neck from Dartmouth and Dorchester to Hingham and the Neighbouring Villages; You are here by required and directed to send me every information you can procure concerning their real situation and destination, and to use your utmost Endeavours to destroy such of them as may appear within your Reach, and you are to hold yourself in readiness to sail at a Day’s Notice.

Given under my hand on board his Majs Ship Preston at Boston 7 July 1775

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, Appendix, 451, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 835

Narrative of Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1

[Boston] 7th [July 1775]

The Falcon sailed down the Harbour and anchored between Hull Point and Pettick’s Island with Orders to examine every thing that passed, to seize and destroy every Vessel or Boat belonging to the Rebels, and to send the Admiral what information he could procure of the Whale Boats said to be bringing across the Neck from Dartmouth and Dorchester to Hingham and the neighbouring Villages.

The Admiral observing that the sharp construction and great draught of water of the men of wars boats rendered them very unfit for going up the narrow Creeks which abound in the neighbourhood of Boston, where if they took the ground and there was not room for them to turn about, it would be hardly practicable to retreat, and the crew be in danger of becoming prey to the enemy, invented a boat of particular construction. This vessel was 36 feet in length and nearly 12 in width calculated to row with either end foremost, and by having the greatest draught of water amid ship and from thence gradually shallowing towards the extremeties, was by means of her curved keel admirably formed for mooring quickly forward or backward without a necessity of winding round, so in all cases to approach or make off from the shore with equal ease and speed as occasion should require; and yet this her make facilitated even her putting about or spinning as it were upon her own center, where there was room. She mounted a four pounder at each end, had eight swivels upon the sides, rowed with 20 oars, carried 75 men armed and accoutred, with a weeks provisions of both kinds compleat, and yet drew but 9 or 10 inches water at most, steered with an oar in a grummett; and would outrow the fleetest of the navy barges. If she run aground from eagerness of pursuit or in the night, the rowers had only to face about upon their present seats or upon the next thwarts, pull in the contrary direction, and she went off in a moment. Each bow was secured by a mantelet of oxhides against musquetry, & the piece of ordnance there, by moving in a groove, pointed in any direction. This invention, equally formidable and useful for a weeks campaign in shallow Creeks, being found to answer its design, the Admiral caused a neat model to be made and sent to the Admiralty for their satisfaction.

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 135, 136, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 836

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Senegal

William Duddingston, Commanding1

July 1775
Wednesday 12
[King Road, Boston Harbor]
at 2 A M came on bd a man who made his escape from the rebels, taken some time since from the Falcon, & gave Intelligence of 500 Rebels in 100 Whale Boats taken the Inhabitants & Cattle off Long Isld   at 8 sent the Man to the Adml.   at 1 P M a Number of men appeared on Long Isld — made towards & set fire to the Hous   We kept a Continual fire for ten minutes till they Left the Isld sent the Boat mand & armd to intercept them, at 6 fired a Gun a Sigl to weigh
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/885.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 869

Narrative of Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1


Preston Boston 16 July 1775.

Sir,   The Falcon sailed the 20 of June with a Transport to Piscatagua, and on the 30 returned to Boston with the Cannon and Ordnance Stores according to the inclosed List from Fort William and Mary. I transmit a Copy of Governor Wentworths Letter on this Occasion.

The Charlotte Sloop, mentioned in my letter May 13 to be hired as a Pacquet or Advice Boat, sailed the 30th of last Month with Dispatches from the Governor, myself and the other Departments of Government, for the different Ports along the Continent as low as Charles Town in South Carolina, from thence she is to cross to the Bahamas, and return to Boston.

Captain [William] Duddingstone in the Senegal, whom I had stationed at Casco Bay, and to whose particular attention I had recommended the Ship Minerva, Thomas Coulson, Master, returned with that Vessel the 1st instant to Boston. I have in a former Letter acquainted you that the Minerva was built at Falmouth for a Mast Ship, and that a Vessel brought her rigging Sails and other Materials from England; from the time of her being launched, some of his Majesty’s Squadron have constantly protected her and the Store Vessel from being destroyed. Disappointed by the Rebels of getting Masts at Piscatagua, Mr Coulson returned to Falmouth to endeavour to procure a Cargo for England. It was absolutely impossible; and such preparations were making to destroy her, that Captain Duddingstone at the Masters earnest Intreaty returned with him again to Boston. Soon after the Senegal arrived General [Thomas] Gage applied to me for Convoy to four Transports and three or four Slops his Excellency was sending to procure fuel for the Army: I ordered the Senegal upon this Service, and she sailed immediately for Penobscot Bay with her Convoy the 10th instant.

By Captain Duddingstone I received the disagreeable News that the Margueritta hired Schooner had been attacked and taken by the Rebels; I acquainted you in my Letter June 16 with her being sent Convoy with some Vessels appointed to bring firewood for his Majesty’s Service at Boston. This Vessel except that she had no Carriage Guns, was well appointed; She had Swivels, Musquets, Pistols, Hand Grenadoes, manned with twenty of the best Men in the Preston and commanded by a very good Midshipman. The only Account I have yet seen is contained in the inclosed News Papers, but there is no doubt of its being a true Report.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 141-147, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 895

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Captain John Linzee, His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon1

You are hereby required and directed to put to Sea as soon as possible in his Majesty’s Sloop [Falcon] under your Command and cruize between Cape Cod and Cape Anne in order to carry into Execution the late Acts for restraining the Trade of the Colonies And to seize and send to Boston all Vessels with Arms Ammunition, Provisions, Flour, Grain, Salt, Melasses, Wood, &c. &c. And you are also hereby required and directed to look into the Harbour within the Bay of Boston, and to anchor therein and sail again at such uncertain times as you think are most likely to deceive and intercept the Trade of the Rebels.

And whereas there are many reports of armed Vessels being fitted out to annoy the Trade of his Majestys loyal Subjects: In case of your meeting any such Rebel Pyrates either in Harbour or at Sea, you are hereby required and directed to use every means in your power to take or destroy them.

You are to anchor once in ten days in Nantasket road for further Orders.

Given under my hand on Board his Majesty’s ship Preston at Boston the 17 July 1775.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 147, 148, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 900

Journal of His Majestys Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

July 1775
Wednesy 19
Plymouth Light House So 2 Leagues
At 6 AM saw 20 Whale Boats under the Soern Shore with about 7 Men in each   at 10 took two whale Boats Belongg to Marshfield . . . at 7 P M Came too in Cape Codd Harbr   Sent aboat on Shore to get Intiligence
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 926

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens1


Preston Boston 24 July 1775

Sir   As it may appear extraordinary that the Rebels should demand and quietly obtain the money in the Treasury of Portsmouth, belonging to the Province of New Hampshire, I think it necessary to inclose an Extract of a Letter from Captain [Andrew] Barkley on the Subject, that their Lordships may be satisfied the money might have been deposited on board the Scarborough if Governor [John] Wentworth had thought it proper, and that his Excellency had been often applied to for that purpose.

Since my Letter July 16 the Pilot of the Margueritta armed Schooner returned to Boston: I inclose his Account of the Transaction, together with an Affidavit of another Person received from Governor Legge at Halifax. As it is confidently reported that Rebel armed Vessels, from Mechias and other places, are cruizing to intercept the Supplies of Cattle and Provisions we endeavour to draw from the Bay of Fundy; I have ordered the St. Lawrence and Hope Schooners on that coast, with Orders to sink, burn and destroy these Pyrates or any aiding or assisting, wherever they can be found. The Schooners take under their Convoy two Transport Brigs for Annapolis Royal, and they or the Senegal are to return with the Transports, and several others now waiting at Windsor for Convoy.

I inclose a Copy of Intelligence that the Lighthouse on Thatchers Island, generally known by the name of Cape Anne Lights, are destroyed. And on the 20th some Rebels in Whale Boats went from Nantasket in a Calm and set fire to Boston Lighthouse which is at present rendered useless.

The Rebels have collected near three hundred Whale Boats in the different Creeks round this Harbour, and begin to make little Expeditions to the Islands. A few days ago one hundred and five Boats, full of men, landed on Long Island and carried off all the Stock. One of their party was a Seaman belonging to the Falcon, taken in Buzzards Bay, as related in my Letter June 16. This Man was placed Centinel, but concealed himself till the Rebels had left the Island, and then swain to a Canoe lying off, and by that means got on board the Boyne. His Report confirms what we before heard of the number of Whale Boats. From their Lightness and drawing little Water, they can not only outrow our Boats, but by getting into Shoal Water, and in Calms, they must constantly escape. It is not possible to guard every Island in this Harbour from such pyratical attempts without more armed Vessels and Men than can be had. Various are the Conjectures about the Design of the Rebels in bringing so great a number of Whale boats here, Robbing the Islands and burning the Houses and Hay thereon most certainly distresses the Garrison by depriving them of fresh Meat, Vegetables, Milk, Fruit and many other Advantages; but it is generally believed they were principally intended to land a Body of Men in the Night at the most defenceless parts of the Town, when a general attack should be made on the Lines, hoping, with the assistance of disaffected people in the Town, to occasion great confusion and terror and finally defeat his Majesty’s Troops.

Others are of opinion that in a calm Night they mean to surprize one of the Frigates of the Squadron and carry her by suddenly pouring in great Numbers of People. And this leads me to mention that the very low Complements of his Majestys Ships at present make the Duty extremely hard in this Harbour. We are obliged to keep a number of Men and Officers in flat bottomed floating Battery Boats, placed in Shoal Water, to flank Boston and Charles Town Necks; To man an armed Transport and a Sloop; and occasionally to lend men to the Transports ordered on Service, instead of theirs who desert. In the Squadron, the Frigates, Sloops and Schooners are seldom without lent Men on board. These Draughts are from the three large Ships, who by that means are sometimes unavoidably left in a weak and almost defenceless Condition. I beg leave likewise to observe that the 20 Gun Ships and Sloops with their present low Complement of Men are Objects of the Rebels attention, who in their large Schooners and Sloops fancy they shall succeed by boarding when the Kings Ship is at anchor.

I am &c.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 153-156, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 961-2

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

July 1775
Tuesdy 25
Cape Codd SE 3 Leagues
At 1 A M Joind Compy with 11 Sail of Transports from Boston at noon parted Compy . . . [P M] fird 3 Six pounders Shotted and Brought too a Schooner at 9 P M Sent the Schooner to Boston2
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. The schooner Industry, John Fisk, master, from St. Christophers for Salem, with rum and sugar. Fisk was allowed to sell his cargo in Boston, and “to depart with the vessel”, Graves’s Conduct, Prize List, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 971

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to General Thomas Gage1

Boston 25th July 1775.


I received the information your Excellency was pleased to send me this Morning — Most of the particulars have been already communicated to me by different Persons.

The Commanders of the two Armed Schooners who convoy the Brigs to Annapolis [Royal] have Orders to destroy all Pirates they can meet with, and are particularly informed of the One your Excellency has mentioned. The Senegal is in Penobscot Bay with the Wood Transports, the Merlin from Marblehead to Piscataqua, the Falcon from Cape Ann to Cape Cod; I hope some of these will get hold of the Pirate, if not, their being on the Coast will give Security to Vessels Navigating

The Senegal or the Schooners will call at Windsor for the Vessels waiting there for Convoy. I have the Honor to be, with great regard Sir [&c.]

Saml Graves.

  1. Gage Papers, CL

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 970

Journal of His Majestys Sloop Scorpion

John Tollemache, Commanding1

July 1775
Friday 28
latter [part] mode. and fair . . . at 6 A M hove in to 1/3 of a Cable   Fir’d a Gun for a Pilot   at 8 Weigh’d & came to Sail at & 10 Came onbd a Pilot.   P M Empd   working into Nantasket Bay in Company with His Maj. Ships Merlin & Falcon,   at 8 Came to in Boston Harbour with the Bt Bower in 5 fam water, Veer’d to ½ a Cable   found riding here His Majs Ships the Preston Vice Adml [Samuel] Graves and Sommerset with a large Fleet of Transports.
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/872.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 998

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens1

Preston Boston July 28 1775.


By Letters lately from Halifax I find a terrible Fire had like to have happened in his Majesty’s Yard at that place. It broke out in the Paint Cabin in the Boat house about ½ past 10 in the Night of the 8th instant. By timely assistance it was extinguished in less than half an hour; though not without alarming the Town. This is the second time within a twelve month.

The very next Morning after the Action at Lexington on the 19 of April I dispatched Orders to Captain [Edward] Medows of his Majesty’s Ship Tartar (whom I had intended for the Gulph and River St Lawrence) to stay at Halifax for the protection of the Kings Yard and Stores That Ship has accordingly remained there, and every Intelligence from thence proves the necessity, not only for a well manned Ship, but a much greater Force for Security of that Magazine. I am informed that the Ordnance Store House wherein there is upwards of four thousand Stands of Arms, is situated entirely out of the reach of assistance from the Ships; and as a great many People from this Province (notoriously disaffected) have removed themselves to Halifax and other parts of Nova Scotia, there is reason to fear the worst actions from such an Influx of Rebels, where they can do much Mischief. However I hope the Vigilance of Captain Medows and the Officers of the Tartar, and those of the Yard, will baffle every secret attempt to destroy or injure it.

I expect the Canceaux Armed Ship and Halifax Schooner from thence every day, and I have also directed Lieutenant [John] Knight in the Diligent Schooner to leave the business of sounding for the present and come to Boston, having more pressing Service for him than what he is now employed on.

In this Harbour there is only the Somerset, Boyne, Preston, and Lively.

In consequence of an application from General [Thomas] Gage (a Copy of which is inclosed) I shall place either the Falcon or Merlin, when they arrive, in the Symmetry‘s Station; though if I had one it ought to be a stout Frigate.

Never were Ships more wanted than at present for various Services; In particular to seize every thing intended for the support of the Rebels or that may arrive and fall into their hands, and to remain and form a proper force in different parts of the Harbour.

The great number of Whale Boats collected here requires all possible Vigilance on our parts to prevent a Surprize, and necessarily occasions a great deal of Boat duty.

The want of fresh Provisions and the hot Weather begin to be felt in the Squadron, and Fluxes incapacitate numbers from doing their Duty, but as yet this Disorder is not fatal. I am &c.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 158-160, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 997

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens, Secretary of the British Admiralty1

Preston Boston 29 July 1775


His Majesty’s Ship Scorpion commanded by Lieut. [John] Tollemache arrived last Night from Charles Town. In his way hither Mr Tollemache by desire of Lord William Campbell touched at Cape Fear for Governor Martin’s Dispatchcs.

I transmit Copies of [letters] I have rcceived from the Governors of South and North Carolina to shew their Lordships how pressing they are for an additional number of ships and small Vessels to be stationed within their Governments. I inclose the Copy of a Letter from Sir James Wright Governor of Georgia. It gives me much satisfaction that as his Majesty’s Service would not admit of my sending a Sloop to Savannah according to their Lordships Orders, the Kings Affairs in the Colony of Georgia have not suffered thereby.2

I shall be inexpressibly happy to have the Honor of their Lordship’s particular Commands respecting the Rebellion on this Continent, and shall exert my utmost Endeavours to carry them into Execution in the best manner for his Majesty’s Service, and to their Lordship’s satisfaction.

In regard to the Application of his Majesty’s Governors along the Continent, for Ships and Vessels of War, their Lordships I trust are fully apprized that it is entirely out of my power to comply with any part of their Requests, until Reinforcements arrive from England, and I am instructed concerning the measures Great Britain intends to pursue in consequence of the Revolt of her Colonies on this Continent.

Captains [Edward] Thornbrough and [Francis] Parry repeat their Representations, the former of the very bad condition the Tamer is in; and the latter that the Cruizer is in want of all kinds of Stores. I am satisfied they ought to be relieved, but at present I prefer their remaining a little longer, even as they are, rather than to leave the Coast totally without a Ship of War, assuring myself I shall very soon be enabled to send others in their Room.

The Store Ship from England was not arrived at Halifax the 13th instant.

The Falcon anchored at Nantasket last Night from a Cruize, and this morning I have ordered Captain [Johnj Linzee to convoy the Russia Merchant Transport (bound to England) twenty Leagues to the Eastward of Cape Cod. Lieut. Col. James of Artillery goes Passenger in this Transport and is charged with my Dispatches. I am &c.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 161-163, MassHS Transcript.
  2. The letter, purporting to come from Sir James Wright, was the counterfeit one prepared by the South Carolina Committee of Safety, and dated June 27, 1775.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1001-2

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

August 1775
Tuesdy 1
The Land off Cape Ann N N W 4 or 5 Leag.
at 10 A M Spoke a Brigg from Boston for Nova Scotia.   at 5 P M Saw a Sail in the S E   gave Chace   Spoke a Schooner from St Eustatia   took her in Tow2
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
    2. The Byfield schooner, John Fletcher, master, from Dominica and St. Eustatia for Gloucester with rum and sugar. The vessel was taken up as an armed schooner and the cargo sold in Boston. Graves’s Conduct, Prize List, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1028-9

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

August 1775
Wednesy 2
Cape Ann Harbour N N W 3 or 4 Leagues
at 6 A M fird a gun and Brot too a Schooner with wood2   took her in tow . . . at 6 P M Sent the Master with two Schooners to Boston
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. The schooner Deborah, William Battershill, master, from Kennebec to Chatham, with wood, shingles and spruce. She was condemned and sold in Boston, Graves’s Conduct, Prize List, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1040

Journal of His Majesty’s Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

August 1775
Wednesy 2
Cape Ann Harbour N N W 3 or 4 Leagues
at 6 A M fird a gun and Brot too a Schooner with wood2   took her in tow . . . at 6 P M Sent the Master with two Schooners to Boston
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. The schooner Deborah, William Battershill, master, from Kennebec to Chatham, with wood, shingles and spruce. She was condemned and sold in Boston, Graves’s Conduct, Prize List, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1040

Journal of His Majestys Sloop Falcon

John Linzee, Commanding1

August 1775
Tuesdy 8
Cape Ann Harbour N E 1 Mile
at 5 A M Weighd and Came to Sail   at 8 Saw two Sails to the Ed gave Chace   at Noon took a Schooner from Hispaniola Bound to Salem.   at 1 P M Hoisted out all the Boats   Came to Anchor in Cape Ann Harbr off Ten pound Island   Sent Lieut. Thornborough With the Pinnace Long boat and Jolly Boat to bring out a Schooner that Run in to get Clear at the same time the Master in a Small Schooner with the Gunner and some People   after the Boats Passd a point the Rebells fird on the Boats which was Returnd from the Bts   fird from the Ship on the Town for Several Hours to Releave the Boats found it Impossable left off fireing2
  1. PRO, Admiralty 51/336.
  2. See Linzee to Graves, August 10, 1775.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1093

New England Chronicle

Thursday, August 10, 1775

Cambridge, August 10.

Our People have taken two or three of the Enemy’s Vessels at Machias, at the Eastward, with a Number of Prisoners, among whom is Ichabod Jones, a well known Tory, who was brought to Town Yesterday, and put into Custody of the Main Guard. The other Prisoners, we are informed, are on the Road, and may be hourly expected.

We hear from Cape-Ann, that a Vessel bound in there from the West Indies, being discovered off that Harbour last Tuesday, several of the Inhahitants went off in a Boat to assist in bringing her in. Soon after, about 30 armed Men, from the Man of War commanded by Capt. [John] Lindzee,1 boarded and took Possession of the Vessel; but she running aground on the Cape, was vigorously attacked by a Number of Men from the Town of Glocester, who soon obliged the Enemy to give up the Vessel to the proper Owners, and to surrender themselves Prisoners. The whole Number was immediately sent to Ipswich Gaol, in which 24 of them were confined. The Rest (4 or 5 in Number) were discharged, it appearing that they had been cruelly forced into the Enemy’s Service. Lindzee was so enraged that he fired several Cannon Shot into the Town of Glocester, but did little Damage.

The Information given us (and inserted in our last) respecting the Expedition to the Light-House, we have been since told, was rather imperfect. Maj. [Benjamin] Tupper commanded the Troops, consisting of 250. They found on the Island 53 Persons, 33 of them Marines, of whom a Lieutenant and two Privates, with three Tories were killed on the Spot. Five of the Marines, and several of the Tories, were wounded, among whom was the notorious Capt. White of Marshfield. The whole Number, besides the killed, were made Prisoners, one of whom was the Master Carpenter from New York.

  1. H.M. Sloop Falcon.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1108-9

Captain John Linzee, R.N.

to Vice Admiral Samuel Graves1

Nantasket Road August 10 1775


I beg leave to inform you that on the 8th inst cruizing off Cape Anne in his Majesty’s Sloop under my Command I discovered two Schooners under Sail standing in for the Shore. I made Sail after them and very soon came up with the Sternmost and detained her; the other got into Cape Anne Harbour whither I followed. On my anchoring the same day I sent Lieutt Thornborough with the Pinnace Long boat and Jolly Boat manned and armed in order to bring the Schooner out; the Master coming in from Sea at the same time in a small Tender, I directed him to go and assist the Lieutt   When the Boats had passed the Point of Rocks that was between the Ship and Schooner; they received a very heavy fire from the Rebels who were hidden behind Rocks and Houses and behind Schooners aground at Wharfs, but notwithstanding the Heavy fire from the Rebels, Lieutt Thornborough boarded the Schooner and was himself and three men wounded from the Shore. On the Rebels firing on the Boats I fired from the Ship into the Town to draw the Rebels from the Boats. I very soon observed the Rebels paid very little Attention to the firing from the Ship, and seeing their Fire continued very heavy in the Schooner, the Lieutt had boarded, I made an Attempt to set fire to the Town of Cape Anne and had I succeeded I flatter myself would have given the Lieutt an Opportunity of bringing the Schooner off, or have left her by the Boats, as the Rebels Attention must have been to the fire. But an American, part of my Complement, who had always been very active in our cause, set fire to the Powder before it was properly placed; Our attempt to fire the Town therefore not only failed but one of the men was blown up, and the American deserted. A second Attempt was made to set fire to the Town, but did not succeed. The Rebels coming to the Fort obliged the four men to leave it. I then began a second time to fire on the Town but the Houses being built of Wood could do no great Damage. About four o’Clock in the Afternoon the Lieutt was brought on board under Cover of the Masters fire from the Schooner who could not leave her. All the Boats are much damaged by Shot; and lay on the side of the Schooner next the Rebels. On my being made acquainted with the Situation of the Master I sent the Prize Schooner to anchor ahead of the Schooner the Master was in, and veer along side to take him and people away, who were much exposed to the Rebels fire; but for want of an Officer to send in her it was not performed, the Vessel not anchored properly; And as, I apprehend, the Master could not see any Prospect of being assisted, and a heavy fire from the Rebels, and numbers coming to their Assistance, delivered himself up about 7 in the Evening with the Gunner, fifteen Seamen, seven Marines, one Boy and ten prest Americans. The Schooner I sent in to assist the Master on his going ashore, ran in and was retaken by the Rebels. I am inclined to think the Company of the Schooner had been hid and took that opportunity of retaking the Vessel that was sent to assist the Master. After the Master was landed I found I could not do him any good, or distress the Rebels by firing. I therefore left off. On this Occasion the Rebels took the Pinnace Jolly Boat three Swivels some small Arms and two small Anchors with one hawser that was to warp the Schooner out by. I remained at Anchor till the following Morning and then warped out in order to proceed to this place.

I am &c

John Linzee

  1. Graves’s Conduct, Appendix, 473-475, MassHS Transcript. Another copy in PRO, Colonial Office, Class 5/122.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1110-1

List of Prisoners Taken at Cape Ann,

Belonging to the Falcon Sloop of War1

Robert Arnold, Master
Wm Robert Broton, Midshipman
Philabeth Demett, Midshipman
Justin Budd — Gunner
John Backster — Doctr’s Servant
Hugh Hughes — Marine
Thomas Nash — Do
Jonathan Ellis — Do
Abraham Elliot — Do
Gyles Jones — Do
John Mechum — Do
William Allen — Steward
William Rickets — Capt of Forecastle
Hugh Jones — Sail Maker
Michael Love — Sailor
Thomas Taylor — Gunner Yeoman
William Mackey, Quarter Master
John McRady impress’d — released
Michael Flynn   since
Sick and Remaining in Ipswich
Gaol —
Samuel Burd — impress’d
John Doyl — Sailor
Mathew Cornish — Marine
John Clark — Cook’s Mate
Wounded —
John Warrick Quarter Master
Joseph Murray — Quarter Gunner
John Molloy — formerly of Salem
Taken — belonging formerly to Cape
Ann — and are now there —
Duncan Piper
William Putam
George Rigg
Jno Cleaveland
  1. Washington Papers, LC.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1114

A Letter from Gloucester, Cape Ann

to Isaiah Thomas, Worcester1

Gloucester, August 13, [1775]

On the 9th instant, the Falcon sloop of war, Captain [John] Lindzee hove in sight, and seemed to be in quest of two schooners from the West-Indies, bound to Salem, one of which he soon brought too; the other taking the advantage of a fair wind, put into our harbour, but Lindzee, having made a prize of the first pursued the second into the harbour, and brought the first with him. He anchored and sent two barges with fifteen men in each, armed with muskets and swivels, these were attended with a whale boat, in which were the Lieutenant and six privates; their orders were to seize the loaded schooner, and bring her under the Falcon‘s bow. The militia, and other inhabitants were alarmed at this daring attempt, and prepared for a vigorous opposition: The barge-men, under the command of the Lieutenant, boarded the schooner at the cabbin windows, which provoked a smart fire from our people on the shore, by which three of the enemy were killed, and the Lieutenant wounded in the thigh, who thereupon returned to the man of war. Upon this Lindzee sent the other schooner and a small cutter he had to attend him, well armed, with orders to fire upon the damn’d rebels wherever they could see them, and that he would in the mean time cannonade the town; he immediately fired a broad side upon the thickest settlements, and stood himself, with diabolical pleasure to see what havock his cannon might make. “Now, (said he) my boys, we will aim at the damn’d presbyterian Church—Well, my brave fellows, one shot more and the house of God will fall before you.” While he was thus venting his hellish rage, and setting himself as it were against heaven, the Almighty was on our side; not a ball struck or wounded an individual person, although they went through our houses in almost every direction when filled with women and children; under God, our little party at the water-side performed wonders, for they soon made themselves masters of both the schooners, the cutter, the two barges, the boat, and every man in them, and all that pertained to them: In the action which lasted several hours, we lost but one man, two others wounded one of which is since dead, the other very slightly wounded. We took of the men of war’s men thirty-five, several were wounded and one since dead; twenty-four were sent to head-quarters, the remainder being impressed from this and neighbouring towns, were permitted to return to their friends. Next day Capt. Lindzee warped off with but half his men, never a prize, boat nor tender, except a small skiff the wounded Lieutenant returned in.

  1. Massachusetts Spy, Aug. 16, 1775.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1132-3

Boston Gazette

Monday, August 14, 1775

Watertown, August 14.

We hear from Cape-Ann, that a Vessel bound in there from the West-Indies, being discovered off that Harbour last Tuesday, [August 8], several of the inhabitants went off in a Boat to assist in bringing her in. Soon after, about 30 armed [men], from the Man of War commanded by Capt [John] Lindzee, boarded and took Possession of the Vessel; but she running aground on the Cape, was vigorously attacked by a Number of Men from the Town of Glocester, who soon obliged the Enemy to give up the Vessel to the proper Owners, and to surrender themselves Prisoners. The whole Number was immediately sent to Ipswich Gaol, in which 26 of them were confined. The Rest (4 or 5 in Number) were discharged, it appearing that they had been cruelly forced into the Enemy’s Service. Lindzee was so enraged that he fired several Cannon Shot into the Town of Glocester, but did little Damage.

Friday last [August 11] was conducted to this town by an escorte commanded by Capt. Melcher, the officers and crew of the armed cutters Margaretta, Diligent and their tenders taken at Machias, together with that noted Friend to government, Ichabod Jones, formerly of Boston, and a stanch friend to that infernal traitor to his country, T[homas] Hutchinson. Capt. [James] Moore of the Margaretta, was killed in the engagement. Capt. [John] Knight, Lieut. Spry, five Midshipmen and Warrant Officers, together with 17 Privates belonging to the above vessels, we hear are order’d to the more interior parts of this colony.

We are informed that last Thursday evening [August 10] returned to Boston, after about 3 weeks cruize, twelve Transports (having on board about 1000 Ministerial butchers) under convoy of men of war.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1139-40

Massachusetts Spy

Wednesday, August 16, 1775

Worcester, August 16.

We are informed that among the prisoners taken at Cape Ann, is one [Justin] Budd, Gunner of the Falcon sloop of war, who was some time ago taken at Machias with a number of others and brought to this town, and upon being released from close confinement, took an opportunity to run off with a few of our tory gentry, and got on board the Falcon again. It is hoped, this fellow, if retaken, will be better secured.

How is the glory of Britain departed! Her army which not long since was the terror of many nations, is now employed in cutting the throats of his Majesty’s loyal subjects and Sheep Stealing! — Felons indeed!

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1161

New England Chronicle

Thursday, August 17, 1775

Cambridge, August 17.

Last Monday morning [August 14] came to town from Ipswich, 20 of the Prisoners taken at Cape-Ann the Tuesday before.1

  1. The men from H.M.S. Falcon, captured in that ship’s boats in Gloucester harbor.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1163

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens, Secretary of the British Admiralty1

Preston Boston 17 August 1775


In my last Letter July 29 by Col. James I acquainted you that the Falcon was ordered to convoy the Russia Merchant Transport twenty Leagues to the Eastward of Cape Cod; Captain [John] Linzee accordingly sailed the 30th with Directions to cruize between Cape Ann and the Isle of Shoals to intercept Supplies of Ammunition and Provisions coming to the Rebels.

On the 10th. instant the Falcon anchored at Nantasket, and I received a Letter from Captain Linzee, (a Copy of which is inclosed) giving an Account of an unsuccessful attempt to take a large Schooner in Cape Ann Harbour and to destroy the Town, and that he was obliged to come away with the Loss of two Boats, his master Gunner, Sixteen Seamen and seven Marines taken Prisoners, and his Lieutenant wounded. It is so difficult to procure British Seamen that the Loss becomes considerable. At present they cannot be replaced with Europeans and experience shews Americans are not to be trusted.

In a former Letter I mentioned the Rebels having burnt the Wooden part of Boston Light house. The Governor ordered it be repaired immediately; Materials and Artificers were accordingly sent down, and at his request I ordered Lieut. Coulthurst and a Party of Marines from the Preston and Boyne for their Guard. The Preston‘s Long Boat also staid with them, and Captain [Thomas] Bishop of the Lively at Nantasket had directions to give them all the assistance in his power, and to settle Signals to be made in case of danger. They had exceeded a week on this Duty and were to have been relieved on the 31st when to my great astonishment, I was informed they had been all cut off just after Day Light. The inclosed Account from the Midshipman who commanded the Long Boat will shew more particularly how this Affair happened. As the Light house Island with 30 men was judged capable of being defended against 1000, it was extremely unfortunate the Party of Marines made so little resistance, for in less than half an hour a great Reinforcement arrived: but I am sorry to say it appears to me the Party were intent only upon escaping, although the Marine Officer was at the Reduction of Belle Isle and accounted a brave and experienced Officer.

Captain [John] Robinson of the Preston happened the night of the 30th. to have the Boats of the Squadron endeavouring to get at and destroy some Whale Boats, secreted in a Wood near the Water Side; this Scheme failed, but he arrived time enough to chase the Whale Boats across the Lighthouse Channel to Hull Beach, from whence he brought away two of them and Lieut. Colthursts Body. Seven Artificers having got away from the Rebels, after being landed on the Main were brought off in one ofthe Boats, with Captain Robinson; Two more escaped in the Long Boat. But two wounded Marines out of the whole Party were not taken, one of whom is since dead of his Wounds.

The Merlin anchored the 2d instant in the Lighthouse Channel from a Cruize

On the 5th. his Majestys Ship Fowey arrived from Virginia and brought fifty two men for the Squadron, many of them very indifferent. I ordered Captain [George] Montagu to place his Ship between Charles Town and Boston, but I shall send her to Halifax as soon as I can put another in her place.

On the 6th. his Majesty’s Sloop Kingsfisher arrived with a Vessel having on board 20 head of Cattle seized in the Sound on the restraining Act. They have been since condemned in the Admiralty Court at Boston. By Captain George Montagu I received a Letter from Lord Dunmore Governor of Virginia (a Copy of which and of my Answer is inclosed) exhibiting complaints of a very serious nature against Captain [John] Macartney of his Majesty’s Ship Mercury and referring me to Captain Montagu for Particulars. I inclose also Captain Montagu’s upon my requiring him to inform me of such Facts relative to Captain Macartneys Misconduct as had come to his knowledge. Conceiving it therefore unsafe to the Command of his Majesty’s Ship any longer with Captain Macartney I ordered the Kingsfisher to Virginia, and have sent Lieut. [Alexander] Graeme in her with Directions to put Captain Macartney in Arrest, and to bring the Mercury forthwith to Boston. The Kingsfisher accordingly sailed from hence the 14th instant.

A Tender belonging to the Rose came in the 6th instant, and I received from Captain [James] Wallace a Parcel of Rebel Letters taken from two Men who came lately from Philadelphia and were going in a Boat to Providence. I transmit Copies of three of them, the rest are chiefly written on domestick & trading subjects.

The Merlin sailed the 8th with a Transport carrying a part of the poor of Boston, and returned again the 16th with the Transport having landed them at Marblehead.

The Canceaux arrived from Halifax the 9th and sailed again the 17th. with the Spinckes Tender laden with provisions for the Scarborough at Piscatagua.

On the 11th I determined to send the Somerset to Halifax to stop her Leaks, and accordingly have given Captain [Edward] LeCras Orders to that purpose, and respecting the Security of the Yard and Stores while he remains there, and to return as soon as possible to Boston; but not to leave Halifax unless a 20 Gun Ship at least is in the Harbour. He now waits only for a Wind to put to Sea directly.

The Governor expressing his Uneasiness for the Safety of a Number of Transports sent to Gardiners and Fishers Islands for Cattle and other live Stock, I sent Captain [Thomas] Bishop in the Lively to cruize for them from Cape Cod to the Isle of Shoals. He returned the 15th with the whole Convoy, which has brought the Garrison a very good supply of Cattle and Sheep.

On the 11th instant I received a Letter from Lieut. [John] Knight, late Commander of his Majesty’s Schooner Diligent, but now a prisoner at Cambridge. I inclose a Copy of his Letter, to which I can only say that Mr Knight must have been totally unacquainted with the disposition of the people at Mechias, and the fate of the Margueritta, and apprehending no danger, had put in there as usual; but as I know of no good Service that could call him to Mechias, until his release and an enquiry is made into his Conduct, no true Judgement can be formed. In the mean time the Rebels having possession of the Diligent not only deprives the Squadron of her assistance, but will I fear for some time hinder the publication of such of Mr Des Barres Draughts as wait only for the Soundings.

I have appointed the Honorable Mr [John] Tollemache to be Captain of the Scorpion by Commission dated 29th July, and Mr James Drew of the Preston Lieutenant in his room. This S1oop is nearly ready for Sea and I intend to send her to relieve the Cruizer at North Carolina, and that both the Cruizer and Tamer shall forthwith come to Boston. I am &c

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 175-183, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1164-6

Vice Admiral Samuel Graves

to Philip Stephens1

Preston Boston 19 August 1775

By the Transport lately arrived with Cattle and Sheep Captain [James] Wallace informs me that Intelligence being sent to him of the Rebels taking the Stock off the Islands he weighed with the Swan from Rhode Island in the Afternoon of the 5th instant and then run them to Fishers Island the same night, where the Rebels had taken away fifteen head of Cattle; however the Transports got a supply there. The next day he convoyed them to Gardiners Island and having cleared the Coast of every Interruption and left the Transports in quiet possession, he returned to Rhode Island, from whence the Service does not admit of his being long absent: he acquaints me the Glasgow had not yet joined him.

His Majesty’s Sloop Senegal arrived at Halifax the 4th instant with the Transports under her Convoy sent to get Fuel in Penobscot Bay. By a Letter from Captain [William] Dudingstone dated the 7th instant I find that he continued peaceably at Long Island from the 16th to the 25th of last Month, when he was informed a Colonel [James] Cargill with 7 or 8 hundred men, assisted with three large Sloops also full of men were preparing to attack the Transports and prevent their having any more Wood. The Sloops Captain Dudingstone says he saw with Flags at their Mast Heads and chased them. Capt. Dudingstone also writes that Mr Winslow, who was charged with the Business of procuring Wood, assured him the Sloops he had chased had already destroyed Penobscot Fort, and that as the Country people were disposed, it would be impossible for the Transports to complete their Lading there, or in any other part of New England, and proposed going to Halifax. Captain Dudingstone consented as the most likely method to succeed.

They accordingly proceeded to Halifax, and I find will get as much Wood as they can take on board.

I inclose a Copy of an Affidavit sent me by Governor [Francis] Legge, which I do purposely to assure you that only what relates to his Majesty’s Schooner Diligent, and the Philadelphian Sloop, is true. It is even suspected that the Philadelphian was intended for Mechias and not for Halifax, and the Story of her being taken, like many other false Reports, is calculated to serve a particular purpose.

The ostensible Reason given by the Rebels for an Expedition to Nova Scotia is to prevent our having Supplies of fresh provisions, but there is no doubt that their principal Object is the destruction of the King’s Stores at Halifax. I shall endeavour to defeat their Designs by keeping a good force on the Coast and in the Harbour, and to render the Navigation between it and Boston perfectly secure.

I include a Copy of a Letter from Governor Legge for your further information on this Subject.

In the King’s Yard an Officer’s Guard of Marines is constantly on Duty with three Watchmen at Night well equipped, beside a Patrole from eight in the Evening until four in the Morning: And every other precaution is taken to prevent Losses by Fire or Thieves. The Naval Officer acquaints me he has not been able to trace whether the last fire was occasioned through accident or design, but is inclined to think from Accident, as there has been formerly some Pilferings from the Paint Pots; and that finding he can get privately no satisfactory Information he intends to advertize and offer a large Reward for the discovery of the perpetrators.

The Halifax Schooner is by this time ready and sails for Boston immediately. The Hinchinbrook is also in great forwardness. The Store Ship is not yet arrived but much wanted.

Eighteen Sail of Transport under Convoy of the Merlin and Falcon are going for forage and Cattle to Annapolis, Windsor and Cumberland harbour in the Bay of Fundy. They will sail the beginning of next Week, and there will then remain in this Harbour the Preston, Boyne, Lively and Fowey with the Bolton Brig who will be fit for Sea in a Fortnight.

Our sole reliance for Stores and provisions is likely to be on what comes from England. I hope a further Supply is ordered and that the Transports will arrive before the end of December.

We have no Accounts from England later than the 8th June, but are every hour expecting the arrival of some of his Majesty’s Ships. I am &c.

Sam Graves

  1. Graves’s Conduct, I, 183-186, MassHS Transcript.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1178-9

Boston Gazette

Monday, August 21, 1775

Watertown, August 21.

Last Monday Morning [August 14] came to town from Ipswich, 20 of the Prisoners taken at Cape Ann the Tuesday before; who together with the Marines, &c. Prisoners, are gone forward.

A letter from Taunton of last Thursday [August 17], says,

“Tuesday last arrived at Taunton, Capt. Abraham Stephen Remsen, who informs, that on the 26th of last month, in lat. 25,15, Long. 65,30, he spoke with the Ship Juno, John Mc Henderson, master, who had been then only 17 Days out from Dublin. Capt. Remsen went on board the Juno and tarried about 3 Hours.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1196

Major Robert Magaw

to Brigadier General Horatio Gates1

Cape Ann August 21st 1775


I wrote to you on the 17th Inst that no Alarms or appearances of immediate danger had been in this place for some time past Since the 8th Instant when Capt [John] Lindsey [Linzee] Commander of a Sloop of War threw a number of Shot into the Town — the Inhabitants have remained unmolested

on Saturday ev’ning last [August 19] a Man of War & a Tender appear’d off this Harbour we expected an Attack Yesterday they bore away for the Eastward & disappeared — the Inhabitants have nearly completed a small Fort to mount 6-9 Pounders their Spirit seems equal to their Abilities

We have neither Blankets nor Shirts with us some of our Men are sick owing I believe to want of Covering in the Night I have the Honor &c.

Robt Magaw   Maj
Rifle Batn Cont Service

  1. Washington Papers, LC.

Source: Naval Documents of the American Revolution, I, 1195

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s